AAmalgam - Material made from mercury and other alloy mixtures used to restore a drilled portion of a tooth.Anesthesia - Medications used to relieve pain.Anterior teeth - Front teeth. Also called incisors and cuspids.Arch - The upper or lower jaw.Baby bottle tooth decay - Caused by sugary substances in breast milk and some juices, which combine with saliva to form pools inside the baby's mouth.
BBicuspids - Back teeth used for chewing.Bitewings - X-rays that help a dentist diagnose cavities.Bonding - Application of tooth-colored resin materials to the surface of the teeth.Bridge - A fixed or removable appliance that replaces lost teeth.Bruxism - Teeth grinding.Calculus - A sticky substance (also called tartar) that has hardened.
CCanal - The narrow chamber inside the tooth's root.Canines - Also called cuspids.Canker sore - One that occurs on the delicate tissues inside your mouth. A canker sore is usually light-colored at its base and can have a red exterior border.Caries - Another term for decay, which causes cavities.Cold sore - Usually occurs on the outside of the mouth, usually on or near the nose or lips. A cold sore is contagious because it is caused by the herpes simplex virus, and it is usually painful and filled with fluid.Composite filling - Tooth colored restorations, also known as resin fillings.
Composite resin - A tooth colored resin combined with silica or porcelain and used as a restoration material.Contouring - The process of reshaping teeth.Crown - An artificial cover that is placed on the top of a tooth following restoration.Cuspids - Front teeth that typically have a protruding edge.Cusps - The pointed parts on top of the back teeth's chewing surface.Dentin - The tooth layer underneath the enamel.
DDenture - A removable set of teeth.Endodontics - A form of dentistry that addresses problems affecting the tooth's root or nerve.
EFluoride - A naturally occurring substance added to water, toothpastes and some rinses and used for strengthening the tooth's enamel.
FFluorosis - A harmless over-exposure to fluoride and resulting sometimes in tooth discoloration.
Gingiva - Another word for gum tissue.
GGingivitis - A minor disease of the gums caused by plaque.Gum disease - An infection of the gum tissues. Also called periodontal disease.
Impacted teeth - A condition in which a tooth fails to erupt or only partially erupts.
IImplant - A permanent appliance used to replace a missing tooth.Incisor - Front teeth with cutting edges; located in the center or on the sides near the front.Inlay - An artificial filling made of various materials, including porcelain, resin, or gold.
Laminate veneer - A shell that is bonded to the enamel of a front tooth. The shell is usually thin and made from porcelain resin.
LMalocclusion - Bad bite relationship.
MMandible - The lower jaw.Maxilla - The upper jaw.Molar - Usually the largest teeth, near the rear of the mouth. Molars have large chewing surfaces.
Neuromuscular Dentistry - Are more than the aches and pains felt in and around the neck and head that are associated with your teeth and jaw.
NOnlay - A filling designed to protect the chewing surface of a tooth.
OOrthodontics - A field of dentistry that deals with tooth and jaw alignment.Overdenture - A non-fixed dental appliance applied to a small number of natural teeth or implants.
Palate - Roof of the mouth.
PPartial denture - A removable appliance that replaces teeth. Also called a bridge.Pedodontics - A field of dentistry that deals with children's teeth.Perio pocket - An opening formed by receding gums.Periodontal disease - Infection of the gum tissues. Also called gum disease.Periodontist - A dentist who treats diseases of the gums.Permanent teeth - The teeth that erupt after primary teeth. Also called adult teeth.Plaque - A sticky, colorless substance that covers the teeth after sleep or periods between brushing.Posterior teeth - The bicuspids and molars. Also called the back teeth.Primary teeth - A person's first set of teeth. Also called baby teeth or temporary teeth.Prophylaxis - The act of cleaning the teeth.Prosthodontics - The field of dentistry that deals with artificial dental appliances.Pulp - The inner tissues of the tooth containing blood, nerves and connective tissue.Receding gum - A condition in which the gums separate from the tooth, allowing bacteria and other substances to attack the tooth's enamel and surrounding bone.
RResin filling - An artificial filling used to restore teeth. Also called a composite filling.Root canal - A procedure in which a tooth's nerve is removed and an inner canal cleansed and later filled.Root planing - Scraping or cleansing of teeth to remove heavy buildup of tartar below the gum line.Sealant - A synthetic material placed on the tooth's surface that protects the enamel and chewing surfaces.
STarter - A hardened substance (also called calculus) that sticks to the tooth's surface.
TTMJ - Temporomandibular joint disorder. Health problems related to the jaw joint just in front of the ear.Veneer - A laminate applied or bonded to the tooth.
VWhitening - A process that employs special bleaching agents for restoring the color of teeth.
WWisdom tooth - Third set of molars that erupt last in adolescence.
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